Despite the greater number of inhabitants today, in particular along the river Adige, the presence of small factories, the valley has essentially remained the same as regards the tradition of wine-growing. The numerous vineyards give rise to a distinctive agricultural landscape which can be best appreciated in the strech between the area to the north of the town of Trento and the Piana Rotaliana area further north, one of the most renowned wine-growing areas in the region.

Much of the soil diversity has originated from the alluvial debriss with the predominance of fine material, deposits (alluvial cones, surface debris, present and postglacial landslides) and coned areas of the main tributaries of the Adige, Noce and Avisio.